This page was last updated: September 27th, 2017  

4th CMR Demographics



Demographics are quantifiable statistics and characteristics of a given group or population. At 4,514 members, the headcount of a small town, the 4th CMR certainly identifies as a collective group. In having ensured that this website focussed on individually remembering the men, I was nevertheless intrigued about the personal side of the regiment as a whole. Over the span of this website's existence, I subsequently spent several years painstakingly researching each man's background to understand more about who they were. In so doing, I came up with the following demographic insight into the regiment's make-up.


Not all of the records were available, nor were all the details completed on a lot of the forms. Some complete files either did not survive, were not complete or haven't been digitized yet (more are coming online as the L&AC complete the digitizing project - for example, data from 58 previously unavailable records was added to the demographic breakdown six months after the main project was completed). Until such time as the oustanding files become available, missing data is represented as "unknown" throughout the following facts and figures.


If you use the information below, I would ask your courtesy in crediting the website and dropping me a line to say you have done so.


If there are errors below then they come from the source material used. Great care has been taken over many years to minimise the possibility of transcription error on my part. If you should find an error then please let me know.






Page Updates


This page will, from time to time, be updated as the demographic database is fine tuned for errors and for the addition of previously unavailable records. It is important to know when such updates have been worked in and what impact they will have had on the data, especially if you are using it, as indeed one person is for their Honour's Thesis.


As such, please see the Recent updates to this page section, at the bottom of this page, for a log of recent changes that will have had an impact on the statistics presented below. Do press F5 (on Windows PCs) to refresh the page to ensure you are seeing the latest data iteration.






The regiment's pedigree


The Canadian Expeditionary Force (CEF) was initially formed through the raising of composite battalions. The 4th CMR began taking shape in November 1914, formed as it was from central Ontario's militia cavalry regiments, namely: the Governor General's Body Guard (GGBG); the 9th Mississauga Horse; the 2nd Dragoons and the 25th Brant Dragoons. The subsequent need for reinforcements resulted in the creation of reserve battalions in England, which supplied the units already in the field with their needed manpower requirements. Throughout the war the ranks of the 4th CMR were also augmented by individual transfers, and attached postings.



Who were they?


In all 29 countries were represented by the 4,514 men who served with the regiment. 2,442 (54.63%) were born in Canada, with the next highest proportion being ex-pat Englishmen, at 1,348 (30.16%). Scottish, 285 (6.38%), Irish, 159 (3.56%) and American, 109 (2.44%) followed. Surprisingly, there was one German, who stated that he had originated from a Dutch town, when in fact he came from a clearly German town, 37 miles / 60 km NNW of Hamburg.


The nationalities break down as follows. Note that many boundary divisions were different then. Nationalities are listed as they were stated on the attestation papers at the time.


Nationalities represented in the 4th CMR
Nationality (number of men)
Canadian (2,442)Finnish (3)
English (1,348)Romania (3)
Scottish (285)South African (3)
Irish (159)Swedish (2)
American (109)Barbadian (2)
Unknown (42)Danish (2)
Welsh (38)French (2)
Russian (24)Norwegian (2)
Italian (10)Antiguan (1)
Polish (7)East Indies (1)
Belgian (6)German (1)
Jamaican (6)Greek (1)
Dutch (4)Maltese (1)
Indian (4)New Zealander (1)
Australia (3)Swiss (1)

Country of birth is detailed as declared on the attestation papers, regardless of any changes since that time.


One of those counted in the 42 whose country of origin was unknown was 285068, Pte. Gerald Wynn, who was actually "born at sea" on a ship en route to Canada from Ireland. It isn't known if Ireland was his parents' place of origin or residence, but more than likely it is believed he would have been able to hold the nationality of his parents.






The first to sign up


Canada declared war on August 5th, 1914, and the original core of what was to become the 4th CMR was formed in mid-November 1914.


Of the 492 men who were found to have signed on to the CEF in 1914, 405 attested between November 10th and November 28th. It was these men who formed the first draft that became the 4th CMR, with the majority putting their names to paper in Toronto on November 27th, 1914. The remainder who were found to have signed on to the CEF in 1914, some 85 men, were with other regiments and came into the 4th CMR later.


In referring to the attestation by year graph above, clearly the biggest influx of men joining the CEF, and who subsequently made up the 4th CMR numbers between 1914 and 1918, was in 1915, with 2,139 (47.39%) signing up.


The first of those originals to attest and be assigned as the 4th CMR first draft was an 18 year old Englishman, 109537, Pte. Charles Parkes, who signed up in Toronto on November 10th, 1914.


Having lied about his age, claiming to be 20 when he signed on (he was in fact only 18), Charles was from Keighley, Yorkshire, England, was unmarried and a porter by trade. He had already gained military experience with the 9th Mississauga Horse by the time he joined up. Although wounded by gas and consequently struck of strength in September 1917, Charles survived the war.


The earliest to sign up to the Canadian Expeditionary Force, and eventually find himself in the 4th CMR, was 21 year old 171808, Pte. William Martin, originally from Tubbermore, Ireland.


William attested in Toronto on August 12th, 1914. Single and a labourer by trade, William was originally with the 83rd Battalion, but was transferred to the 4th CMR on June 7th, 1916.


Although wounded on August 29th, 1918, during action at Boiry, east of Arras, William survived the war.




Unit of Origin


In addition to the 640 men who were the original draft for the 4th CMR, divisional & battalion consolidations and direct drafts from reserve battalions were transferred in to make up numbers after losses. All in all the 4th CMR was made up from 4,514 men coming from 158 distinct sources. This table presents the top 40 units who made up the 4th CMR's numbers from 1914 to late 1918.


Top 40 units that made up the 4th CMR
Unit and number of men provided
4th CMR (640)220th BN (46)
81st BN (393)227th BN (44)
8th CMR (364)77th BN (44)
147th BN (355)95th BN (39)
146th BN (276)235th BN (32)
1st BN. 1st C.O.R. (249)C.F.C. (32)
83rd BN (241)135th BN (26)
33rd BN (207)7th CMR (23)
6th CMR (177)Depot Regt. CMR (22)
159th BN (111)198th BN (18)
1st BN. 2nd C.O.R. (106)36th BN (18)
110th BN (105)216th BN (16)
154th BN (103)166th BN (15)
155th BN (95)177th BN (15)
248th BN (80)169th BN (14)
99th BN (76)37th BN (13)
2nd BN. 1st C.O.R. (64)C.A.M.C. (12)
74th BN. (53)134th BN (11)
35th BN (48)180th BN (11)
C.A.S.C (47)34th BN (11)




Young and old


Stories abound of boys, barely teenagers, who had lied about their age to join up, and the 4th CMR had its fair share of these too.


11 boys under 16 years of age were found to have signed on, the youngest of whom was one 649305, Pte. Frank Matthew Russell. This young man signed up at the age of 15 years and 6 days.


Born in Oshawa, Ontario, on April 22nd, 1901, Frank was a resident of Timigami (otherwise known as Timgami or Temagami), Ontario. Claiming to be a waiter with previous militia experience with the 97th Regiment, he presented himself for attestation in Haileybury, Ontario, on April 28th, 1916, just six days after his 15th birthday. He gave his date of birth as April 22nd, 1898, and served with the 159th Battalion, before being transferred, along with 110 fellows through the course of 1917, to the 4th CMR on June 16th, 1917. He seems to have served his duration without notable wounding, but clearly some incident prompted him to own up, as on March 12th, 1918, he declared his proper age. He was eventually struck off strength on June 17th, 1918.


The oldest man to sign on was Toronto born, 135138, Pte. William Cornwall Flint, who was aged 53 years 4 months 19 days at attestation into the 74th Battalion.


Signing on in Toronto in July 1915, William gave a birth date of February 24th, 1873, claiming to be 42 years of age, when in fact he had been born in 1862, making him 53. He was transferred to the 4th CMR, along with 51 of his fellows, on June 9th, 1916.


William was lost on October 1st, 1916, in the costly attack on Regina Trench.


The average age of a 4th CMR man at attestation was 24 years and 59 days.


The most frequent age for attestation was 18 years of age, with 534 (that's some 11.83%) signing on at that age.


Click on the accompanying graph (above right) to see an overview of the age spread at attestation.






The short and the tall


The shortest men to have served with the 4th CMR were 5 feet 0 inches / 1.524m tall. A total of seven men presented at this height, including one of the 15 year olds. It is suspected that a rubber measure was used at some draft stations for the sake of getting sign-up numbers up, and that some were just shy of 5 feet / 1.524m.


The tallest man in the regiment was 633338, Pte. Peter Lobbe, at 6 feet 4.5 inches / 1.943m. Close second was the magnificently named 109469, CSM Kenneth Keith Stewart Strathmore MacKenzie-Stewart, at 6 feet 4 inches / 1.930m.


The average height of a 4th CMR man was 5 feet 5 inches / 1.65m.






Marital status


Of the 4,514 assigned to the 4th CMR, at attestation 3,590 (79.53%) were single, 888 (19.67%) married, and due to lost or incomplete records the status of the remaining 36 (0.8%) is as yet unknown.


Colonel Sam Hughes, Minister of Militia, had stated that, "No married man will be authorised to proceed to Valcartier without the written consent of his wife."


That requirement stayed in place until August 13th, 1915. Nevertheless, whether before or after this date, just shy of 20% of the men of the 4th CMR were married when they first signed up into the CEF.


The youngest to sign on as married was 17 year old, 400701, Pte. Hugh McGuire, of Goderich, Ontario. He was a labourer by trade and signed on in London, Ontario, with the 33rd Battalion, on February 18th, 1915.


Hugh and his wife, Sarah, were living in Port Albert, Ontario, when he signed on.





Keeping it in the family


The number of known sets of brothers in the 4th CMR was 71. In this figure were two sets of three brothers and two sets of twins attesting.


Also found were one set of father and one son and two sets of father and two sons. Undoubtedly there would also have been extended family sign-ons, with brothers-in-law, cousins and nephews, etc.


With reference to the father and son sign-ons, in both instances of fathers with two sons signing on, each father lost one of the sons.






What's in a name?


The most popular first name in the regiment, from Abel to Xavier, was William, with 484 (10.87%) men signing on with this name.


The remainder of the top 10 names (in order by popularity) were:


John 376, George 245, James 185, Thomas 178, Charles 159, Robert 140, Joseph 107, Arthur 104, and finally Frederick 101.


Some less common first names, alphabetically, were:


Amasias, Bliss, Channell, Dac, Erland, Forbes, Garvie, Hermenegile, Isban, Justaline, Lareon, Mutius, Napolean, Orphila, Pasker, Ruggles, Sherwood, Tancrede, Udney, Vane and Waymond.


The most common family name was, no surprise, Smith, with 65 carrying that name. The next most common, in descending order, were:


Brown 35, Wilson 27, Jones 23, Taylor 22, Thompson 20, Campbell 19 and Walker 19.





Previous military experience


The CEF saw a little under 620,000 men enlist for WW1, nearly 424,600 of whom served in Europe. Each and every one of them had to go through the process of attestation. The form for this, usually completed in triplicate, required answers to several questions, the details of which formed the database for this demographic project. Two of the questions that were asked concerned previous military background: either with an active militia unit or any form of previous military experience.


Militia experience:

Amongst the men who formed the 4th CMR, 1,202 (26.63%) were in or had experience gained in the militia. For the "local" men around Toronto and nearby districts this was primarily with the 9th Mississauga Horse, or the Governor General's Body Guard.


Some 3,275 (72.55%) had no previous militia experience. Data on the remaining 37 men has been lost, is incomplete or was unavailable.


Military experience:

Those claiming previous active military experience (Second Boer War, 1899-1902, or current full-time regiments, and so on) accounted for 1,384 (30.66%) of the total.


3,090 (68.45%) had no previous military experience. Again, data on the remaining 37 men has been lost, is incomplete or was unavailable.






All walks of life


By far the most represented trade listed for the men of the 4th CMR was to do with farming, be it farmer, farm hand, farm labourer, farmer's son, etc. Some 813 men, 18% of the regiment, listed their trade in this arena.


The most frequent trades were:


Top 10 Trades represented in the 4th CMR
Trade (number of men)
Farming (813)Carpenter (111)
Labourer (596)Student (88)
Clerk (295)Fireman (62)
Machinist (138)Electrician (57)
Teamster (128)Painter (57)

High on the list thereafter came Engineer 56, Driver 55, Banking 55 (manager, clerk, tiller, accountant), Salesman 54, Printer 52, Plumber 47, Shoe Maker 47, Blacksmith 46, Bookkeeper 45, Sailor 45, Chauffeur 44, then Brick worker 43 and Miner 33. The expected moulders, bakers, grocers, tailors, plasterers, stone masons, teachers, architects, tinsmiths, policemen, bushmen, lumbermen, gardeners and horsemen were also well represented.


Some less common occupations were found, too: suitcase maker, private detective, embalmer, soap cutter, moving picture operator, missionary, jute mill overlooker, school boy, golf professional, cricket coach, body builder, shantyman (sailor), bedspring maker and egg tester.






Other defining features


Eye colour: 2,108 men of the regiment, that is 46.70%, had blue eyes. Brown eyes accounted for 1,235, some 27.36% and 778, that is 17.24%, were grey eyed.


The remainder were: hazel at 246 (5.45%) black 13 (0.29%), "Dark" 9 (0.20%) and finally green at 5 (0.11%). Incomplete or missing records accounted for the outstanding 126 (2.93%).


Hair colour: a majority of men, 2,422 (53.66%), had brown hair. After that it became a challenge to interpret the many different colours described, which included "mousey" and "flaxen" to name but two.


By and large the following breakdown is respresentative of the remainder: blond at 771 (17.08%), dark at 518 (11.48%), black at 497 (11.01%), red at 110 (2.44%), grey at 35 (0.78%), medium at 32 (0.71%) and finally bald at 2 (0.04%). Incomplete or missing records accounted for the outstanding 126 (2.79%).






Beliefs


When it came to the diversity of religion in the 4th CMR, it was interesting to find that around 30 religions and denominations were represented. By far the most followed was Church of England, which included specifically identified Anglicans, with 1,629 (36.09%) of the regiment listed as C of E / Anglican. Presbetyrian followed up at 944 men (20.91% of the regiment). Roman Catholics amounted to 588 men (13.03%).


All beliefs listed were as follows:


4th CMR - Religious Beliefs
Belief (number of men)
Church of England (1,629)Episcopalian (2)
Presbyterian (944)Evangelical (2)
Methodist / Wesleyan (910)Greek Catholic (2)
Roman Catholic (588)Greek Church (2)
Baptist (236)*Non-Sectarian (2)
Salvation Army (22)Quaker (2)
Protestant (20)Greek National (1)
Lutheran (14)Greek Orthodox (1)
Jewish (11)Holiness Movement (1)
Disciples (10)Italian Church (1)
Christian (8)Reform (1)
Latter Day Saints (4)Russian National Church (1)
Church of Christ (3)Russian Orthodox (1)
Greek (3)Tunker (1)
Brethren (2)Unitarian (1)
Christian Scientist (2)Universalist (1)

Data was incomplete or records were missing for 86 men.


Clearly some of the Greek and Russian denominations may well have been the same, but were specifically recorded as above.


* Baptist was a summation of Baptist and Congregationalist.






The reality of war


War is not a pleasant thing, it is not a game. It has consequences, life-altering, or life-ending. The following statistics detail the physical impact on the regiment.


Loss


In overall terms the number of men lost by the 4th CMR throughout the whole war was 903 (20.01% of the 4,514 who served with the regiment).


Of these:

191 were lost at Mount Sorrel on June 2nd, 1916 - this figure accounts for 21.13% of all 4th CMR losses

(this includes 16 who died in the immediate days after due to wounds received on that day.)

65 were lost at Courcelette in September 1916

71 were lost at Regina Trench in October 1916

78 were lost at Vimy Ridge in April 1917 (differing from the War Diary estimate at the time of 43)

107 were lost at Passchendaele, in October 1917.

125 were lost in the final 100 days of the war.


The first recorded loss for the 4th CMR came on May 31st, 1915, when 4454, Sgt. James Tamblingson, died of an illness before he was able to get overseas. He lies at rest in St. Catharines (Victoria Lawn) Cemetery, Ontario.


The first loss in front line service was on November 25th, 1915, when 109209, Pte. John Balmer, was killed whilst setting up a machine gun in trench 131, on the Messines Road, near to Hill 63, Ploegsteert, Belgium. As the first, he was buried with ceremony on the 26th (this is the date cited for his loss in his full service file), originally in the Rosenberg Chateau Military Cemetery, and then he was finally laid to rest in the Berks Cemetery Extension, Comines-Warneton, Hainaut, Belgium.


The last loss in action is a difficult thing to pin down, as many fell victim to their wounds after the end of hostilities. The last commemoration of loss in WW1 is usually taken as up to and including August 31st, 1921, per the table below. In that respect the 4th CMR's last official loss was August 16th, 1921, but two further instances are specifically recorded in the data: one in early September 1922 and the other in early February 1930. There are bound to be many others from 1921 onwards that we'll not directly know about.


That many suffered in the decades that followed is known, and many would have passed away due to complications from wounds received whilst in service, so no attempt is made here to try to quantify who the last was. We owe them all respect and due acknowledgement for what they did and for all that they endured at the time and in the years that followed.


Wounding


The first wounding whilst in action with the 4th CMR (as opposed to wounding whilst serving with a feeder unit prior to transfer to the 4th CMR) was reported in the Nominal Roll as having occured on November 2nd, 1915, east of Bailleul, near Ypres. Research has found that whilst this had been a suspected ankle fracture, it turned out to be a severe sprain. Additionally it seems to have occured whilst the regiment was route marching to new billets, and not in action at all. The soldier in question returned to duty on December 2nd. The first confirmed in-action woundings ("slight") were actually on November 5th, 1915, and were sustained under heavily artillery fire whilst 'C' Company were relieving 'B' Company during tours of instruction in the trenches, with 1st Brigade infantry, near Neuve Eglise. Two further slight casualties occured on the 9th, whilst 'C' Company were back in the same trenches.


The man with most recorded woundings was 636593, L/Cpl. Randall Brant, with four attributed to him between April 1917 and September 1918. The first of these was a self-inflicted gunshot wound to the left foot, which earned him 42 days Field Punishment No. 1. (placed in handcuffs or fetters and tied to a fence or other object for up to two hours a day). However, L/Cpl. Brant was subsequently wounded on October 27th, 1917, by a gunshot wound (GSW) to the scalp, and by gas on August 25th and September 18th, 1918.


The total number of men wounded once was 1,592 (35.27%). Second woundings occured to 211 of those men, third wounds to just 12 of them. As stated above, only one man (L/Cpl. Randall Brant) was wounded 4 times.


An amazing 2,055 (45.53%) men survived the war without any reported wounds at all.



4th CMR Casualties
YearWoundedLost
191400
19151410
1916604409
1917528259
1918448196
1919-16
1920-9
1921-6
Totals1,594905

Of the 4,514 men who served with the regiment, 3,608 (79.96%) survived the war (did not pass away before August 31st, 1921).



P.O.W.


In total 364 men of the 4th CMR (8.07%) were taken as prisoners of war, with the bulk of these on the afternoon of June 2nd, 1916, when the Battle for Mount Sorrel was launched by the German forces. On this day alone 350 men (a staggering 96.15% of the total 4th CMR POWs) were taken prisoner. 13 of these men later died in captivity.


4th CMR POWs by Year
YearNumber taken P.O.W.
19140
19150
1916350 (all taken on June 2nd, 1916)
19177
19187
Total364





In conclusion


The above demographics tell us many things, prime amongst which is that the men of 4th CMR were just like us. They came from all walks of life, they had families, and undoubtedly they had the same aspirations, hopes and dreams we do today.


But, where facts and figures can reveal so much, the emotional, mental toll is not visible to us. We've often heard, "They never talked about it." No wonder that they didn't want to talk about what they'd seen or had to do. Only those who had been there could truly understand what they had to endure.


What we can do, though, is not forget. We owe them that.






Recent updates to this page

As this is a work in progress project, please check immediately below for announcements on updates, as even the smallest change to any of the diverse statistics presented above has a wider knock-on effect. Do press F5 (on Windows PCs) to refresh the page to ensure you are seeing the latest data iteration.


26th September, 2017

A further 6 records became available, the details from which impacted most of the demographic figures.


26th August, 2017

The total who served with the regiment was increased to 4,514 from 4,513, after a further soldier, who had served with the 4th CMR, had been found omitted from the Nominal Roll. This addition, too, has cascaded through pretty much all of the statistics.


30th July, 2017

The total who served with the regiment was increased to 4,513 from 4,512, after it was found that one soldier who had served with the 4th CMR had been omitted from the Nominal Roll. This addition has cascaded through pretty much all of the statistics.


29th July, 2017

Six more records became available and impacted all of the tables and graphs throughout the demographic breakdown.


10th June, 2017

Two further records came online and the net result was an increase in stats in most of the record data sets. The total number of outstanding files now sits at 46. Missing data for some fields in visited files will obviously remain incomplete.


31st May, 2017

Two more records came online, affecting most of the stats yet again. Of note, however, was a full service file that I had been researching, which clearly showed that the soldier concerned had served with the regiment but was then transferred to the 22nd Battalion. He subsequently died in action with them, not the 4th CMR. As such the total lost whilst serving with the regiment was adjusted from 904 down to 903.


28th May, 2017

The 'Keeping it in the family' section, which tells us how many sets of brothers there were in the regiment, has been updated. The figure rises from 58 to 70 sets, following further service file investigations. One of the brother files shows a wounding not previously recorded in the stats, so the number of wounded for 1915 is adjusted upwards by one, to 14, and the overall total wounded to 1,590.


20th May, 2017

Another record came up online, causing adjustments to the figures for nationality, year of attestation, age at attestation, marital status, previous military experince, trade at attestation, defining features and beliefs.


7th May, 2017

Three more previously unavailable files came online and impacted most of the demographic stats. Then a major refining of the survivor, wounded, lost and POW figures for June 2nd, 1916, resulted in many adjustments being made to those stats specific to June 2nd, 1916 (the 'Battle for Mount Sorrel'). These will be added to the demographic page shortly. As reported on 30th April, below, the reporting dates for POWs were often much later than the actual date of capture. Also, it was found that a number of men recorded as wounded on June 2nd, 1916 (as many were), were actually taken POW. It is probable that a majority of the 350 taken POW that day were also wounded, hence being helpless to being taken prisoner. It was eye opening to read accounts in the full service files of those who only survived that day, because they were buried for hours in that onslaught, being dug out by enemy troops and then being taken prisoner.


I also found that a significant number of those who were wounded and survived that day without loss or capture (some 51 men) were reported as being in mild to severe shell shocked condition. Thankfully they were treated accordingly.


30th April, 2017

Further detailed study of the 345 men of the 4th CMR taken as POWs in 1916, has changed the total of 267 believed to have been taken on June 2nd, 1916, to 345 - that is, ALL of the POWs taken in 1916 were taken on that one day! This comes about due to the way the records were completed at the time. Confirmations of POWs often didn't come in for months after the event. When they did they were recorded as the date the confirmation was received, not when the soldier was actually captured.


Some of those for the POWs taken on June 2nd, 1916, didn't come in until later in October. As the database filter was looking specifically for 02 June 1916, it (rightly) ignored those notified later in June and all of those in July through to October. Hence this adjustment of the 78 after June 2nd being added to June 2nd's total, and this in turn showing that all of the 4th CMR's POWs taken in 1916 actually occurred on that one day. And I was able to confirm that the 4th CMR lost no men to capture in any of the other actions they were involved in later in 1916.


The number of wounded for 1916 also increased from 603 to 610, raising the overall wounded from 1,589 to 1,596. This was due to some of the 2nd June 1916 POW service files showing that the soldier concerned was wounded before capture (the obvious reason why they were captured). It is expected that these figures may change again when further service files for the POWs of June 1916 are inspected.


12th April, 2017

The records come online in dribs and drabs, today being no exception. A single new file became available and the data from that impacted the nationality, year of attestation, attestation age, marital status, previous military experience, occupation, eye & hair colour and beliefs statistics. In overall terms the total number of missing files is now down to 57.


10th April, 2017

Two POWs were found to have been taken on June 2nd, 1916, so have been added to the figures for that grouping. Their dates were listed as September, and that seems to have been when the official word was received from the German authorities, not the actual capture date. I've seen a great deal of that, so expect further transfers as time goes by.


26th March, 2017

Another record was made available, causing changes to the nationality, year of attestation, attestation age, marital status, previous military experience, occupation, eye & hair colour and beliefs statistics. Figures, tables and graphs have been updated accordingly.


18th March, 2017

A previously unavailable record came online recently. The data from that has knocked on to many of the stats and graphs above.


11th March, 2017

A significant error in the non-wounded figure was ironed out today, initially reducing the number of men who survived the war without wounding from 2,924 to 2,923, then to 2,057. The error in this figure was purely a PICNIC issue (Problem In Chair Not In Computer, i.e. me), as whilst 2,923 men were recorded as not having been wounded, 866 of those men in fact died without their loss being technically counted as a wound. The database sorted them into those who did not have a recorded wound. As such, these 866 records had not been subtracted from the total who survived the war without wounds. My bad.


10th March, 2017

Data from three previously unavailable records has been added, impacting most of the figures and graphs once more. In two instances details in the full service files demonstrated that the Nominal Roll was incorrect and that dates for their being taken POW were in significant error, being listed as early in 1916 and later in 1917, when in fact they were both June 2nd, 1916.


3rd March, 2017

A prisoners of war table has been added to the end of 'The reality of war' section at the bottom of the page. This details POWs taken by year.


2nd March, 2017

Additional work on 4th CMR men taken as P.O.W. both reduced the overall total taken from 360 to 359 and increased those taken on June 2nd, 1916 (the 'Battle for Mount Sorrel') from 262 to 263. It is likely that these figures will change further as P.O.W. confirmations often came much later than the battles the men were taken in, thus skewing the numbers actually taken in any given action. Scrutiny of the database will reveal further changes in due course.


28th February, 2017

A table has been added to 'The reality of war' section, at the bottom of the page, breaking down 4th CMR woundings and losses by year.


Further fine tuning of the wounded and lost figures has reduced the number lost from 906 to 904, the wounded from 1,588 to 1,587, and increased those without any wounds from 2,924 to 2,925. The P.O.W. figure for June 2nd, 1916, the 'Battle for Mount Sorrel', was raised from 260 to 262.


2nd January, 2017

The total who served with the regiment was reduced from 4,513 to 4,512, after it was found that one soldier did not in fact serve with the 4th CMR at all. This cascaded through pretty much all of the statistics.



This page was last updated: September 27th, 2017